What is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)? What are the stages? Who needs IVF treatment?

Op. Dr. Alper Şişmanoğlu

In vitro fertilization is the process of bringing the sperm cell and egg cell together in a laboratory environment and exposing them to the fertilization process. IVF is the abbreviation of the word “In Vitro Fertilization” and it refers to the realization of the union of the sperm-egg pair in the laboratory.

We can define IVF treatment as a process that is applied to couples who cannot have children by normal means and should be managed by an expert team. In particular, raising awareness of the couple about the treatment stages is very important for the success of IVF treatment. Before starting or deciding on the application in question, it should be investigated whether it is possible to become pregnant with simpler methods.

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Combining the sperm cell and egg cell together
IVF (In Vitro Fertilizasyon)

Frequently Asked Questions

Some of the most frequently asked and curious topics by our patients and clients

What is an Ectopic Pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants itself outside of the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes. Among the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy are sexually transmitted diseases, surgical interventions, endometriosis and appendicitis. Among the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy, there may be a positive pregnancy test with or without vaginal bleeding.

What are the Causes of Menstrual Irregularity?

Women menstruate 11-13 times throughout the year, and 1-2 more or less of this number is considered normal. The menstrual period may be irregular for the first few years after the first menstruation. In order for menstruation to be regular, the hormones that provide menstruation must be balanced.

Do Fibroids Prevent Having Children?

Fibroids; They are benign tumors that are usually found in the uterus and develop in the muscle tissues of the uterus. It may occur due to hormonal or genetic factors, as well as the increased estrogen hormone in women, especially during pregnancy, may cause the growth of fibroids.

Considerations Before IVF Pregnancy

The most successful treatment method applied to couples who cannot have a baby naturally is in vitro fertilization treatment. Considering that about 15% of couples who want to have a baby today cannot have a baby naturally, it can be understood once again how important infertility treatments are.

Easy Ways to Get Pregnant

There are some important factors to consider for easy pregnancy. These factors are; following ovulation periods, staying away from smoking and other harmful habits, and living a healthy and balanced life.

Postpartum Breast Care

In the last stages of pregnancy, the mammary glands work actively. In this process, a white or yellow liquid comes from the nipple of the expectant mother. The name of this fluid is colostrum. Colostrum can be wiped off with a warm, soapy, clean towel or cloth.

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What? How to do?

IVF TreatmentIVF Treatment;

The couple has sexual intercourse for a year in order to have a child with natural and unprotected methods, but if pregnancy does not occur, a specialist should be consulted. If the woman is older than 35, then the waiting period is 6 months. After waiting six months, an infertility specialist should be consulted for IVF treatment.

Then the specialist should investigate the infertility situation of the couple in detail. In this study, factors such as the couple’s medical history, sexual diseases, previous operations, infertility period or working environment are also investigated. For the success of IVF treatment, sperm analysis is first performed on the male candidate. In this way, sperm count and morphological characteristics are determined and their fertilization abilities are investigated. Afterwards, urological examination and other examinations can be performed if deemed necessary for IVF treatment. Female infertility is more complicated. For this reason, structures such as tubes, uterine condition, hormonal factors, fibroids and polyps are investigated. Since there are more factors that can cause infertility in women, research should be done in more detail.

Who Can Benefit From IVF Treatment?

  • Persons who have been diagnosed with in vitro fertilization (IVF) application
  • If both tubes are clogged
  • In egg disorders
  • In the absence of sperm in the semen
  • In sperm quality defect
  • in immunological conditions
  • In cases where cervical factors are understood
  • Those whose tubes were removed in surgery
  • Those with insufficient sperm or egg count
  • Those with cysts in the ovary that cause infertility
  • In hormonal disorders
  • Problems with sexual intercourse
  • Problems in sperm motility
  • deformity in sperm cells
  • In recurrent pregnancy losses
  • In case of advanced age of the woman, in vitro fertilization can be applied.

In these cases, IVF treatment may be considered.

Infertility Treatment

Assisted reproductive methods are used for the treatment of couples with infertility problems. Among these methods, the most successful one is IVF Treatment (in vitro fertilization treatment). IVF Treatment can be defined by fertilizing the reproductive cells taken from men and women in a laboratory environment and then transferring them to the uterus of the expectant mother. IVF treatment methods are diverse. Appropriate treatment methods are determined according to the couple’s infertility status.IVF Treatment

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